In recent years, the iron and steel industry has shown an unprecedented good situation,
However, we should be prepared for the severe competition in the next few years. For the market economy, competition is eternal. Whoever can stand in the competition can survive. Therefore, we should start to focus on the future competition and select the corresponding technological transformation projects and deep-processing products.
The technical content of most deep-processing products is not too high and the output is not too large, which is not suitable for the large-scale production mode of steel mills. However, if you hesitate because of this, you may never find a suitable project. In fact, many projects producing deep-processing products are around. Therefore, once you choose the right project, you should make up your mind and gradually expand and strengthen it.
Due to the influence of long-term planned economy, many steel deep-processing products in the past involved many industries and departments such as machinery and construction. Compared with iron and steel enterprises, steel deep-processing enterprises are small, scattered, and produce more varieties, specifications and less quantities. In the form of enterprise ownership, state-owned, collective and individual all participate. The development of deep-processing products by large state-owned iron and steel enterprises can increase the value of steel products and extend to downstream products, but it is worth discussing and studying to what extent they should develop. Large state-owned enterprises must open an appropriate distance from collective and individual enterprises in terms of product grade, scale and cost.
Steel deep-processing products often produce a small number, require many varieties and specifications, and have complex production organization. The competition with state-owned deep-processing production enterprises is often private enterprises with flexible operation. Therefore, we should establish a flexible management mechanism in production and operation, and use new products and new markets to create new mechanisms, otherwise we will face fierce competition
It is difficult to stand firm in the dispute.
To change the growth mode of the steel industry, develop the steel deep processing industry and extend the industrial chain is an important way of industrial growth under the new situation. Therefore, we should understand the development of steel deep processing from the perspective of developing the steel circular economy, improving the use efficiency of steel and improving the competitiveness of steel production The development of steel deep processing industry in a planned way should be chosen and valued as a new industry extending the steel industry.
In recent years, due to the fierce competition in the steel market and the acceleration of scientific and technological progress, the steel deep processing and development of steel products have been greatly promoted. Because steel deep processing products has the advantages of less investment, short construction cycle, fast capital recovery and labor-intensive, many enterprises have tried and achieved good benefits. Enterprises can develop deep-processing products in the following types:
(1) Using the existing production process, the rear equipment is transformed to realize on-line product deep processing. In this way, it can not only reduce investment, but also create greater economic benefits. It is the first choice for iron and steel enterprises to implement steel deep processing.
(2) The construction of steel deep-processing production lines (such as Angang and Shougang) within the enterprise can make use of existing technicians and surplus personnel, as well as plants and idle equipment.
(3) Joint venture construction with existing domestic enterprises can not only save some investment, but also extend the products of iron and steel enterprises.
The development of steel deep processing should be based on reality, combined with the development of steel deep processing at home and abroad and its own development conditions
New ideas for developing deep processing of steel products. However, the starting point of development should not be too low, the scale should be appropriate, the product grade should be high, and the enterprises should be relatively concentrated. The management mechanism can take many forms, with the focus on improving work efficiency. In terms of capital investment, it can take the forms of joint-stock system, joint venture, enterprise combination, asset reorganization and so on.
At present, the annual output of metal products has reached more than 4 million tons, and the self-sufficiency rate has reached more than 90%. It is expected that the total amount of metal products in China will reach 4.5 million tons by 2012. Although China is a large country of products, high-quality, high-tech and high value-added products still need to be imported from abroad, such as suspension spring steel wire for high stress and fatigue resistant high-class car, spring steel wire for automobile air valve, steel cord, low relaxation large-size high-strength prestressed steel wire and steel strand, etc. In addition, many deep-processing products are in the stage of market expansion and need to be developed jointly with other industries, such as CO2 gas shielded welding wire.
The deep-processing products of plates and pipes mainly based on plates and strips include cold-rolled ultra (extremely) thin strips, coated steel plates, cold-formed sections, various welded pipes, etc. In 2008, the market share of domestic plate and strip by variety: 90% for medium and heavy plate, 77% for hot-rolled sheet, 44% for cold-rolled plate and 27% for coated plate.